Gum Disease in Children
Chronic gingivitis, aggressive periodontitis and generalized aggressive periodontitis are types of gum disease in children. Types of periodontal diseases in children are:
Chronic gingivitis is common in children. It usually causes gum tissue to swell, turn red and bleed easily. Gingivitis is both preventable and treatable with a regular routine of brushing, flossing and professional dental care. However, left untreated, it can eventually advance to more serious forms of periodontal disease.
Aggressive periodontitis can affect young people who are otherwise healthy. Localized aggressive periodontitis is found in teenagers and young adults and mainly affects the first molars and incisors. It is characterized by the severe loss of alveolar bone, and ironically, patients generally form very little dental plaque or calculus.
Generalized Aggressive Periodontis
Generalized aggressive periodontitis may begin around puberty and involve the entire mouth. It is marked by inflammation of the gums and heavy accumulations of plaque and calculus. Eventually it can cause the teeth to become loose.
Signs of Periodontal Disease
Four basic signs will alert you to periodontal disease in your child:
Bleeding gums during tooth brushing, flossing or any other time.
Swollen and bright red gums.
Gums which have receded away from the teeth, sometimes exposing the roots.
Constant bad breath which does not clear up with brushing and flossing.